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Water and Sanitation 

Water Supply. In 2005, about 55,800 (57%) households in Lanao del       Norte have access to potable water while 42,193 (43%) have doubtful           source of drinking water. This figure is the lowest among the provinces,         as well as, from among the cities in the region.

 

Potable water supply is     largely provided by Level I systems          (31%) in the provincial record, followed by Level III            systems (15%)          and     Level II systems (11%).

 

Table1.  Water Supply Service Coverage by Province, Region X, CY 2005 

Province/

City 

Total HH

HH with Potable

Water Source 

Level I 

Level II 

Level III 

Doubtful Source

HH Served

%

HH Served

%

HH Served

%

HH Served

%

HH Served

%

Region X

728,103

626,648

86.07

142,078

19.25

185,396

25.70

299,174

41.11

101,455

13.93

Bukidnon

 

157,661

140,506

89.12

42,996

27.27

54,469

34.55

43,041

27.30

17,155

10.88

Malaybalay

 

27,460

25,828

94.06

5,075

18.48

10,093

36.76

10,660

38.82

1,632

5.94

Valencia

 

27,764

27,764

100.00

8,594

30.95

4,248

15.30

14,922

53.75

-

-

Camiguin

 

16,170

14,209

87.87

296

1.83

3,291

20.35

10,622

65.69

1,961

12.13

Lanao del Norte

 

97,993

55,800

56.94

30,184

30.80

11,017

11.24

14,599

14.90

42,193

43.06

Iligan City 

55,577

49,672

89.38

3,591

6.46

5,852

10.53

40,229

72.38

5,905

10.62

Misamis Occidental

 

53,911

52,950

98.22

20,153

37.38

20,260

37.58

12,537

23.25

961

1.78

Oroquieta

 

12,901

12,705

98.48

2,261

17.53

4,529

35.11

5,915

45.85

196

1.52

Ozamis

 

24,555

22,477

91.54

8,757

35.66

5,010

20.40

8,710

35.47

2,078

8.46

Tangub

 

10,739

10,669

99.35

2,489

23.18

2,620

24.40

5,560

51.77

70

0.65

Misamis Oriental

 

122,514

119,989

97.90

23,331

19.04

47,557

38.80

49,101

40.06

2,575

2.06

Cagayan de     Oro

 

100,153

99,587

99.43

1,240

1.24

15,054

15.03

83,293

83.17

566

0.57

Gingoog

 

23,059

20,562

89.17

5,411

23.47

10,175

44.13

4,976

21.58

2,497

10.83

Source: RSET

However, based on the record of the Provincial Water Supply           Sewerage and Sanitation Sector Plan for the Province of Lanao del   Norte (PW4SP), only 29,723 (32%) of the total households of the   province have access to potable water source while 64,413 (68%) have     doubtful source of drinking water.

The municipalities of Lala, Tubod, Kauswagan and Magsaysay       have the highest water supply service in the province of Lanao del       Norte, while the municipalities of Pantar, Nunungan, Tagoloan, Poona     Piagapo and Sultan Naga Dimaporo have the lowest service            coverage        of less than 10%.

Table 2.  Water Supply Service Coverage by Municipality, CY 2005

Municipality

Served by Safe Source

Doubtful Source

Total House-hold

Level III

Level II

Level I

T

% to Total House-hold

Unsafe Source

Un-served

T

% to Total House-

hold

Bacolod

3,130

1,140

-

361

1,501

48%

585

1,044

1,629

52%

Baloi

7,757

-

-

757

757

10%

813

6,187

7,000

90%

Baroy

3,930

630

44

710

1,384

35%

788

1,757

2,546

65%

Kapatagan

8,247

1,112

236

940

2,287

28%

1,179

4,781

5,960

72%

Kauswagan

2,714

985

-

443

1,428

53%

38

1,248

1,286

47%

Kolambugan

4,444

1,124

80

243

1,447

33%

181

2,816

2,997

67%

Lala

11,251

597

-

8,341

8,937

79%

2,314

-

2,314

21%

Linamon

2,962

1,033

157

323

1,513

51%

115

1,334

1,449

49%

Magsaysay

2,203

-

112

209

321

15%

319

1,563

1,882

85%

Maigo

3,413

393

9

437

839

25%

72

2,501

2,574

75%

Matungao

1,955

-

-

220

220

11%

219

1,516

1,735

89%

Munai

3,748

-

176

222

399

11%

267

3,082

3,349

89%

Nunungan

2,340

-

144

-

144

6%

153

2,044

2,196

94%

Pantao Ragat

3,334

270

143

37

450

13%

34

2,850

2,885

87%

Pantar

2,645

-

23

-

23

1%

-

2,622

2,622

99%

Poona Piagapo

3,011

-

-

231

231

8%

466

2,314

2,780

92%

Salvador

3,257

-

56

862

918

28%

1,338

1,001

2,339

72%

Sapad

3,446

-

-

1,002

1,002

29%

384

2,061

2,445

71%

Sultan Naga Dimaporo

8,779

-

329

472

801

9%

880

7,097

7,977

91%

Tagoloan

1,538

-

18

83

101

7%

47

1,390

1,437

93%

Tangcal

1,222

-

135

163

298

24%

-

924

924

76%

Tubod

8,809

1,934

1,535

1,250

4,719

54%

260

3,829

4,090

46%

Lanao del Norte

94,136

9,218

3,199

17,306

29,723

32%

10,454

53,959

64,413

68%

Source:  PW4SP

 

 

Level I facilities or point sources are common sources of water in the rural barangays. Unsafe water sources are usually found in these systems which include shallow wells, open dug wells, undeveloped springs and rainwater collectors.

 

The households which have individual connections are mostly found in urban barangays. At present, there are 17 water utilities providing Level III service in the province with diverse forms of organization. These include eight water districts, one municipal waterworks system and nine barangay LGU managed systems 

 

 

 

 

 

Sanitation. The service coverage of sanitary toilets in the province is 68% of the total number of households. The remaining is underserved or unserved, of which 32% is without toilet facility.  Municipalities that have higher or equal service coverage from the provincial average of 68% are Maigo (85%), Tubod (84%), Kauswagan, Munai, Nunungan, Sapad and Tagoloan (82%), Linamon (81%), Bacolod, Baroy and Kapatagan (80%), Salvador (77%), Poona Piagapo (76%), Magsaysay (70%) and Matungao (68%). 

 

On the other hand, the municipalities that registered the lowest service coverage are Pantar (2%), Baloi (29%), and Pantao Ragat and Tangcal (53%).  It was observed that municipalities with higher water supply service coverage (Kauswagan, Bacolod, Baroy, Kapatagan, Linamon and Magsaysay have high sanitation coverage and correspondingly, in low water supply service coverage (Pantar and Pantao Ragat), low sanitation coverage occurs.  This can be attributed by the fact that the development of water supply almost always follows the upgrading of the household sanitation facilities because of access to water.

 

Table 3.   Sanitation Facilities and Service Coverage of Household Toilets, Urban and Rural, 2004

Municipality

Number of HH

2004

Households Served

Underserved/unserved HHs

Number

%

Number

%

Bacolod

3,451

2,771

80

680

20

Baloi

7,312

2,151

29

5,161

71

Baroy

4,212

3,359

80

907

22

Kapatagan

8,583

6,896

80

1,687

20

Kauswagan

2,919

2,393

82

526

18

Kolambuga

4,732

2,672

56

2,060

44

Lala

11,566

7,439

64

4,127

36

Linamon

3,038

2,469

81

569

19

Magsaysay

2,276

1,596

70

680

30

Maigo

3,548

3,008

85

540

15

Matungao

1,866

1,271

68

595

32

Munai

3,801

3,117

82

684

18

Nunungan

2,530

2,074

82

456

18

P. Ragat

2,837

1,498

53

1,369

48

Pantar

2,366

43

2

2,323

98

P.Piagapo

2,711

2,070

76

641

24

Salvador

3,472

2,661

77

811

23

Sapad

3,655

2,998

82

657

18

SND

8,743

4,840

55

3,903

45

Tagoloan

1,478

1,212

82

266

18

Tangkal

955

502

53

453

47

Tubod

9,588

8,081

84

1,493

16

Provincial Total

95,639

65,121

68

30,588

32

Source: PPDO

Priority Interventions

Several projects are pipelined and proposed for implementation during the plan period to substantially improve household access to safe water and better sanitation.  Among the projects and activities include:

 

  • Formulation of Municipal Water Supply, Sewerage and Sanitation Sector Plan (MW4SP)
    • Provincial Rural Water Supply Development Program
    • Construction of Level I, II and III water systems
    • Mindanao Regional Development Plan –Adaptable Package  Loan Round 2 (MRDP-APL2), Rural Infrastructure Subproject
      • Water for Waterless municipalities projects 

 

 

B.  Power

In 2006, a total of 86 municipalities in the region were energized. This brings to a total of 1,778 barangays energized, which is 94% of the total 1,898 potential targets. Among the provinces in the region, Lanao del Norte has the lowest percentage of energized barangays. Out of 462 barangays, 357 or 77% were already energized during the year, which brought the total number of household connections to 63,212. This reflects 84% of the potential connection target of 75,173.

 

The energization coverage increased in 2008 with 368 energized barangays or 79% electrification coverage.

 

Table 4.   Status of Energization in Northern Mindanao,  2006

Province / Electric Cooperative

Municipalities/ Cities

Barangays

Energized

Percent

Potential

Energized

Percent

Northern Mindanao 

86

100%

1,898

1,778

94%

Bukidnon

Bukidnon II

10

100%

171

170

99%

FIBECO

13

100%

303

300

99%

Camiguin

CAMELCO

5

100%

58

58

100%

Lanao del Norte

LANECO & LASURECO

20

80%

462

357

77%

Misamis Occidental

MOELCI I

8

100%

227

216

95%

MOELCI II

8

100%

253

253

100%

Misamis Oriental

MORESCO I

10

100%

155

155

100%

MORESCO II

12

100%

269

269

100%

Source:  RSET

 

 

Far flung areas are target beneficiaries in the next round of indigent electrification program.

 

There are thirteen (13) municipalities which are 100% energized, mostl of them are in coastal areas. The municipalities of Nunungan, Munai and Tagoloan  which are within the franchise coverage of LANECO, have the least number of barangay energized. On the other hand, the municipality of Pantao Ragat and parts of Baloi and Pantar are served by LASURECO.  Pantar is only 48% energized. 

Table 5. Electrification Coverage by Municipality, 2008

Municipalities

Barangays

Connections

No. of Barangays

No. of Energized Barangays

% Energized

Potential

Actual

% Energized

1.   Bacolod

16

16

100

3,164

3,364

106

2.   Baloi

21

21

100

6,634

3,703

 

3.   Baroy

23

23

100

4,013

4,357

109

4.   Kapatagan

33

33

100

7,423

7,458

100

5.   Kauswagan

13

13

100

3,617

3,398

94

6.   Kolambugan

26

26

100

4,612

4,998

108

7.   Lala

27

27

100

10,538

9,873

94

8.   Linamon

8

8

100

2,715

2,971

109

9.   Magsaysay

24

14

58

2,032

1,053

52

10. Maigo

13

13

100

3,185

3,430

108

11. Matungao

12

12

100

1,491

665

44

12. Munai

26

10

38

 

121

 

13. Nunungan

25

1

4

 

1

 

14. Pantao Ragat

20

20

100

2,352

754

32

15. Pantar

21

10

48

2,025

612

30

16. Poona Piagapo

26

13

50

 

225

 

17. Salvador

25

25

100

2,852

2,082

73

18. Sapad

17

14

82

2,994

1,703

57

19. SND

37

37

100

6,365

3,827

60

20. Tangkal

18

7

39

1,056

338

32

21. Tagoloan

7

1

14

 

1

 

22. Tubod

24

24

100

8,105

8,278

102

Grand Total

462

368 

79.6%

75,173

63,212

84

Source:  LANECO & LASURECO

 

Projected Requirement for Power and Electricity

 

The existing power supply from the National Power Corporation (NPC) is more than sufficient for the power requirement of the entire province. It is anticipated however, that there will be a surge in power requirements should MIRAIC becomes operational.

 

To reach far-flung areas, major programs are lined up for the next six years to include: expansion of missionary electrification, Barangay Energization Program, indigents electrification and solar power development.  Other programs expected to be implemented within the plan period includes  the Geothermal Power Plant, Pagayawan Falls Mini Hydropower Plant, Operation of Agus 3 and Alternative Fuel Investment Project.

 


C.  Drainage/Flood Control

 

Gabions are being constructed in selected areas along the national highway going to Taguitic and Sultan Naga Dimaporo to protect hilly areas from rain induced.

 

To control flooding in flood prone areas, flood control projects are programmed for implementation in high risk areas

 

Table 6. Priority Flood Control Projects

Flood Control Projects

Location

Construction of Gabions

Taguitic to SND along national highway

Flood Control along Iligan-Marawi National Road

Baloi

Flood Control along River Banks

 

  • Maigo River
  • Tugar River
  • Kawit River
  • Rupagan River
  • Poblacion
  • Maranding River
  • Cabasagan River
  • Gumagamot River
  • Butadon River
  • Sta. Cruz River
  • Bauyan River Buriasan River
  • Cabuyao River

Maigo

Kauswagan

Kauswagan

Bacolod

Tubod

Lala

Lala

Lala

Kapatagan

Kapatagan

Sultan Naga Dimaporo

Sapad

Salvador

Construction of Drainage Canals

 

  • Maranding Drainage,
  • Kapatagan Drainage
  • Caniogan-Barakanas Drainage
  • Improvement of Magpatao-San Isidro Drainage

 

Maranding, Lala

Poblacion, Kapatagan

Tubod

 

Lala

Reforestation Projects

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

D.  Solid Waste Management

Of the 22 municipalities, 12 have municipal refuse collections and disposal services as of 2003.  These municipalities have a total of 17 units of open dump truck and only the municipality of Bacolod had a closed type truck.  In the province, 15% of the households are served, while 85% is unserved for solid waste collection and disposal.

 

Open dumping is practiced by all LGUs as disposal of solid wastes.  The dumped refuse is usually burned or left unattended.  Some significant negative effects associated with this unsanitary method are surface and groundwater pollution, air pollution, scattered solid waste, breeding grounds for insects, rodents and other disease vectors and fire hazard.  At the household level, unserved households by the LGUs primarily depend on individual waste disposal such as dumping in vacant lots or body of water, burying and composting.

 

Table 7. Municipal Solid Waste Collection and Disposal and  Service Coverage, 2004

Municipality

No.

Of HHs

With Service

Without Service

% of HHs Served

% of HHs Un Served

Bacolod

3,451

2,055

1,396

60

40

 

Baloi

7,312

1,211

6,101

17

83

 

Baroy

4,212

135

4,077

3

97

 

Kapatagan

8,583

865

7,718

10

90

 

Kauswagan

2,919

779

2,140

27

73

Kolambugan

4,732

723

4,009

15

85

 

Lala

11,566

1,951

9,615

17

83

 

Linamon

3,038

2,453

585

81

19

 

Magsaysay

2,276

 

2,276

 

100

 

Maigo

3,548

1,344

2,204

38

62

 

Matungao

1,866

 

1,866

 

100

 

Munai

3,801

 

3,801

 

100

 

Nunungan

2,530

 

2,530

 

100

 

P. Ragat

2,837

420

2,417

15

85

 

Pantar

2,366

 

2,366

 

100

 

P.Piagapo

2,711

 

2,711

 

100

 

Salvador

3,472

 

3,472

 

100

 

Sapad

3,655

 

3,655

 

100

 

SND

8,743

985

7,758

11

89

 

Tagoloan

1,478

 

1,478

 

100

 

Tangkal

955

 

955

 

100

 

Tubod

9,588

1,709

7,879

18

82

 

Provincial Total

 

95,639

 

14,630

 

81,009

 

15

 

85

 

Source:  PPDO


Table 8.     Manner of Disposal of Households Without Access to  Solid Waste Management Services, 2004

Municipality

No.

Of HHs Without Service

Manner of Disposal

% of

HHs Served

% of

HHs Un Served

Dumping

(Land & water)

Bury-

ing

Com

pos-

ting

Total

Bacolod

1,396

269

1,127

 

1,396

60

40

Baloi

6,101

308

5,492

301

6,101

17

83

Baroy

4,077

640

3,437

 

4,077

3

97

Kapatagan

7,718

820

4,139

2,759

7,718

10

90

Kauswagan

2,140

146

1,532

462

2,140

27

73

Kolambugan

4,009

97

2,706

1,206

4,009

15

85

Lala

9,615

4,210

3,706

1,699

9,615

17

83

Linamon

585

 

 

585

585

81

19

Magsaysay

2,276

434

976

866

2,276

 

100

Maigo

2,204

682

795

727

2,204

38

62

Matungao

1,866

 

1,350

516

1,866

 

100

Munai

3,801

768

1,517

1,516

3,801

 

100

Nunungan

2,530

60

1,976

494

2,530

 

100

P. Ragat

2,417

 

1,399

1,018

2,417

15

85

Pantar

2,366

108

970

1,288

2,366

 

100

P.Piagapo

2,711

 

2,308

403

2,711

 

100

Salvador

3,472

170

2,621

681

3,472

 

100

Sapad

3,655

103

2,711

841

3,655

 

100

SND

7,758

509

441

6,808

7,758

11

89

Tagoloan

1,478

316

700

462

1,478

 

100

Tangkal

955

96

350

509

955

 

100

Tubod

7,879

1,763

2,221

3,895

7,879

18

82

Provincial Total

 

81,009

 

11,499

 

42,474

 

27,036

 

81,009

 

15

 

85

Source:  PPDO 

E.  Communication

In 2006, a total of 172,631 telephone lines were installed in the region by both government and private companies bringing the telephone density to 44 telephone lines per 1000 population. In two years, telephone density declined by 18% with Camiguin registered the highest reduction of 37%.

Lanao del Norte remains to have the highest telephone density in the region for two (2) years.  There is however  a single digit decrease in telephone density from 77 telephone in 2005 to 76 per 1000 population.

The province is served by three regional telecommunications exchanges: Telecommunications Office (TELOF) RCPI and PT&T.   The TELOF which is under the Department of Transportation and Communication (DOTC), operates 22 telegraph stations spread in 22 municipalities.

Communication facilities are concentrated in Tubod, the capital town.  The other adequately served municipalities are Kapatagan, Lala, Baroy and Linamon.

Table 3.150  Landline Telephone Distribution, Region X , 2005 & 2006

Province / Year

2005

2006

% Change

Equipped Lines

Subscribed Lines

Telephone Density

Equipped Lines

Subscribed Lines

Telephone Density

Region X

165,545

73553

54

172631

73274

44

-18

Bukidnon

12983

5830

11

12983

6081

11

0

Camiguin

1528

1064

19

1050

1074

12

-37

Lanao del Norte

64045

21957

77

64045

22153

76

-1.3

Misamis Occidental

10442

6910

20

10442

6656

19

-5

Misamis Orriental

76547

37792

60

84111

37310

64

6.7

Source:  RSET

The region also had an increasing number of licensed radio stations over the past four years. In 2006, Lanao del Norte has the least number of radio stations (370) next to Camiguin (177).

Table  9.  Number of Licensed Radio Stations by Province, 2003-2006

Province / Services

2003

2004

2005

2006

Northern Mindanao 

11,641

12,357

13,088

13,365

Bukidnon

3,044

3,253

3,324

3,339

Camiguin

155

163

164

177

Lanao del Norte

47

283

436

370

Misamis Occidental

1,051

1,092

1,209

1,251

Misamis Oriental

7,344

7,566

7,955

8,228

Source:  RSET

 

A total of 97 post offices operate in the region.  Out of this number, Misamis Oriental accounts for 31%, Lanao del Norte and Bukidnon account for 25%, Misamis Occidental 14% and Camiguin 5%.

 

Among the provinces in the region, Lanao del Norte has the lowest ratio of letter carrier per population with 1 postman per 38,390 population.  This figure is lower  than the regions’ ratio of 1 per 23,970 population.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table 10.   Number of Post Offices, Letter Carriers & Mail Volume   Handled,  by Province, 2007

 

Northern

Mindanao 

Bukidnon

Camiguin

Lanao

del Norte

Misamis

Occidental

Misamis

Oriental

 

 

Post Office

97

24

5

24

14

30

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Letter Carriers

167

33

8

22

28

76

Population

4,003,100

1,225,300

84,100

844,600

539,800

1,309,300

Letter Carrier to

 

 

 

 

 

 

Population Ratio

1:23,970

1:37,130

1:10,512

1:38,390

1:19,278

1:17,227

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mail Volume

8,404,080

1,206,366

144,732

1,265,548

1,514,796

4,272,638

Posted

2,897,683

385,523

48,637

274,681

334,076

1,854,766

Recorded

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nonrecorded

 

 

 

 

 

 

Delivered

5,506,397

820,843

96,095

990,867

1,180,720

2,417,872

Recorded

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nonrecorded

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source:  RSET